Colloquially known as periodontal disease, gum disease isn’t just a fleeting dental woe that one can brush off. A silent saboteur lurks beneath our smiles, impacting far more than just our oral cavity. A staggering number of individuals are unknowingly caught in its snare, blissfully unaware of its looming shadow on their health.

Delve deeper, and you’ll find that gum disease doesn’t just threaten a charming grin. Left unchecked, it can escalate to tooth loss and even ripple outwards, influencing our overall well-being. But what exactly is this elusive ailment, and how can one fend it off with gum disease medication? Let’s dive in and unravel the enigma.

The Stages of Gum Disease

remedies for gum disease medication waterfordUnderstanding the progression of gum disease is crucial, not just for those in the dental profession but for anyone committed to maintaining their oral health. Colloquially understood as the silent wrecker of smiles, Gum disease undergoes several stages, each progressively more severe than the last. Let’s break down these stages, focusing on their symptoms, effects, and potential treatments.


Overview: Gingivitis is the mildest and initial form of gum disease. It arises due to the accumulation of plaque – a sticky layer of bacteria – on the tooth root. If not eliminated through regular brushing and flossing, this plaque releases toxins that irritate the gum tissue.

Symptoms: The primary signs of gingivitis include red, swollen gums that might bleed when brushing or flossing. It’s also common to experience persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.

Treatment: Fortunately, gingivitis is reversible. Regular dental check-ups and good dental hygiene practices – think brushing, flossing, and using an antiseptic mouthwash – can help combat it. Visits to the dental hygienist are also paramount, as they can professionally remove accumulated plaque that regular brushing might miss.

Prevention: To prevent gingivitis, one should brush twice and floss daily. Regular dental check-ups are a must. A balanced diet and avoiding cigarettes and smokeless tobacco can keep gingivitis at bay.


Overview: If gingivitis is left unhealed, it can aggravate periodontitis. At this stage, the inner section of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth, forming pockets. These sections between the teeth and gums collect debris and become infected.

Symptoms: As the disease progresses, these pockets deepen, resulting in more bone and gum tissue loss. This might lead to the tooth becoming loose in its socket. The signs of periodontitis include receding gums, formation of periodontal pockets, chewing pain, and sensitive teeth.

Treatment: Treatments for periodontitis vary based on its severity. They range from non-surgical methods like scaling and root planing – deep cleaning procedures where tartar is scraped off from above and below the gum line – to surgical options like flap surgery and soft tissue grafts.

Prevention: Just as with gingivitis, the best prevention for periodontitis is maintaining impeccable oral hygiene, including regular visits to the dental hygienist. Additionally, reducing factors like smoking can greatly lower the risk.

Advanced Periodontitis

Overview: This is the final and most severe stage of gum disease. At this juncture, the fibres and bone supporting your teeth are destroyed. This can impact your bite, and if aggressive treatment can’t save them, teeth may need to be removed.

Symptoms: Advanced periodontitis shows many of the symptoms of standard periodontitis but in a more severe manner. Loose teeth are a defining characteristic, and shifting teeth can drastically affect one’s bite. The depth of periodontal pockets can increase further, leading to enhanced infection susceptibility.

Treatment: At this stage, treatments are more aggressive. Dental surgery might be necessary, including procedures like bone grafts where natural or synthetic bone is adjusted in the area of bone loss to promote bone growth.

Prevention: Preventing advanced periodontitis follows the same fundamental principles: diligent oral hygiene, regular dental check-ups, and lifestyle modifications like quitting smoking. However, if someone has already reached the stage of periodontitis, immediate treatment is essential to prevent its progression to this advanced stage.

Recognising the signs and symptoms of each stage of gum disease is of the essence. Early intervention can often mean the difference between maintaining a healthy set of teeth or facing significant dental challenges.

Over-the-counter (OTC) Solutions

In an age with a plethora of health information and products at one’s fingertips, it’s beneficial to understand the role of over-the-counter (OTC) solutions in gum disease. While OTC products might not replace professional dental interventions to cure gum disease, they offer frontline defence against gum ailments and can be instrumental in maintaining overall oral health.

cures for gum disease medication waterfordMouthwashes

Overview: Mouthwashes, commonly found on supermarket shelves, come in many types, ranging from freshening breath to therapeutic ones designed to fight bacteria.

Benefits: Mouthwash antiseptic mouthwashes, particularly, have been designed to target and eliminate harmful bacteria that thrive in the mouth, reducing plaque, gingivitis, and even the early symptoms of periodontal disease. They can also be instrumental in alleviating bleeding gums, a precursor to more severe gum diseases.

Usage Tips: For optimal results, swishing the mouthwash as directed is crucial, generally for about 30 seconds to a minute. It’s also essential to note that mouthwashes can complement brushing and flossing, but they don’t replace them. Regular oral hygiene practices remain paramount.

Selection Guide: When selecting a mouthwash, looking for products that contain antiseptic properties or are labelled as therapeutic is beneficial. Brands that dental associations endorse can also be more trustworthy.


Overview: Toothpaste is a staple of oral care, but not all are created equal, especially regarding gum disease.

Benefits: Some toothpastes are specially formulated to address gum concerns, offering extra protection against gum disease. They can help reduce gum inflammation, combat receding gums, and strengthen enamel, thus preventing tooth decay.

Usage Tips: For those looking to target gum disease, brushing at least twice a day using a pea-sized amount is vital. Circular, gentle strokes are the most effective, ensuring every part of the mouth gets attention.

Selection Guide: Scan the labels when shopping. Terms like “gum care”, “gingivitis protection”, or “advanced gum defence” indicate the toothpaste’s suitability for those keen on safeguarding their gums. Fluoride is another ingredient to look out for, as it helps battle tooth decay.

Natural remedies

Overview: Beyond commercial products, some natural remedies have been traditionally used to treat symptoms of gum disease.

Benefits: Natural solutions, such as saltwater rinses, can provide temporary relief from swollen or bleeding gums. Aloe vera, renowned for its anti-inflammatory properties, can also be applied to affected areas for some respite.

Usage Tips: Saltwater rinses can be made by dissolving half a teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water. Swishing the solution for about 30 seconds can help reduce gum inflammation. Applying the gel directly to the gums can be soothing for aloe vera.

Word of Caution: While these remedies can offer relief, they’re not cures for gum disease. If symptoms persist or escalate, seeking professional advice is imperative.


Prescription Medications for Gum Disease

As gum disease becomes more prevalent, understanding the range of treatments available is of utmost importance. When over-the-counter solutions and traditional dental cleanings don’t suffice, the next line of defence often entails prescription medications designed to treat gum disease. Here’s a comprehensive look at these medicines, their function, and what to expect.

medications for gum disease waterford
Antibiotic Gels and Strips

Overview: These are applied to the gum pockets after a professional dental cleaning. The purpose? To control bacteria and reduce the size of periodontal pockets.

Benefits: These gels and strips can provide targeted treatment for infected gum areas, significantly reducing bacteria presence and fostering a conducive environment for gum tissue recovery.

Usage Tips: Always follow the dental professional’s advice. Typically, these treatments are applied after a scaling and root planing procedure, ensuring the gum pockets are thoroughly cleaned before introducing the antibiotic for gum disease. Healthy gums are the result of this procedure.

Antiseptic “Chips”

Overview: Tiny pieces, or “chips” laden with an antiseptic, are placed in the gum pockets to kill bacteria and reduce the pocket size.

Benefits: These chips release medication over time, offering prolonged bacterial control, aiding the gums in the healing process, and reducing the pocket’s size.

Usage Tips: Just as antibiotic gels and strips, these are often introduced following a professional dental cleaning. After insertion, avoid fiddling with the treated area to allow the medication to work magic.

Antimicrobial Mouth Rinses

Overview: Unlike the common OTC mouthwashes, antimicrobial mouth rinses are specifically prescribed to treat gum disease.

Benefits: They are more potent than their OTC counterparts, aiming to significantly reduce bacteria, alleviate symptoms of gum disease, and prevent its progression.

Usage Tips: Follow the directions provided by the dentist or pharmacist. Typically, these rinses are used like any other mouthwash but with the added assurance of prescription-strength benefits.

Enzyme Suppressants

Overview: These are unique medications designed to block specific enzymes in the mouth, which, when left unchecked, can break down gum tissue.

Benefits: By halting the action of these enzymes, enzyme suppressants can prevent gum tissue breakdown, thus providing an added defence against gum diseases.

Usage Tips: The administration of these suppressants will depend on the specific product. Always adhere to the directions provided by the healthcare professional, ensuring optimal benefits.

Oral Antibiotics

Overview: These are systemic medications prescribed to manage and treat gum diseases.

Benefits: Oral antibiotics work throughout the body and are typically prescribed when the gum disease is severe. They aim to reduce bacterial infections not just in the mouth but can also address underlying health conditions that might exacerbate gum disease.

Usage Tips: It’s crucial to complete the entire course of antibiotics, even if symptoms improve, to ensure the bacteria are effectively managed. Always consult the dentist or doctor if side effects emerge.

Advanced Treatments and Surgeries

Sometimes, severe gum disease requires more intervention.

Flap surgery: An in-depth dental surgery where the gum line is lifted for deep cleaning.

Bone and tissue grafts: These procedures involve adding materials to areas with significant tooth decay or gum tissue loss.

Preventive Measures

treating gum disease waterfordPrevention, as they say, is better than cure.


A balanced diet is crucial for gum disease and healthy gums.

Regular dentist check-ups

This can’t be emphasised enough. Your dental hygienist plays an essential role in diagnosing and suggesting treatments early.


One word—avoid. It exacerbates gum diseases.


From understanding the stages of gum disease called periodontitis to diving into gum disease treatment, it’s evident that gum health is integral to overall well-being. Procedures like scaling and root planing or even more advanced surgical treatments like soft tissue grafts are available for severe cases. However, everyday practices like maintaining oral hygiene and using mouthwash can prevent gum disease in the first place.

If you or someone you know is grappling with gum concerns or if you’re seeking more personalised advice on maintaining impeccable oral health, don’t hesitate. The expert team at Total Care Dental Studio is eager to guide and support you on your journey towards pristine dental health. Give us a ring at (07) 3186 8517 and take the first step to a brighter, healthier smile today. Don’t wait for symptoms to escalate; your gums deserve the best care now.

Note: Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.


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