Traditional orthodontic braces are the standard treatment for correcting gapped, misaligned, or crooked teeth. They effectively treat complex issues in orthodontics, including rotated teeth, intruded and extruded teeth, and malocclusions due to jawbone abnormalities.
If you have concerns over the procedure, understanding how braces work and what to expect during treatment can help relieve your anxiety.
How Do Braces Work? Orthodontic Braces Components
Several structural components make up an entire orthodontic braces system. Although not all of these elements are used for every patient, some of the components you can expect to see in your braces treatment include:
Brackets are small metal or ceramic squares bonded directly to the front of your teeth. These are the foundational elements of this ortho treatment that hold the arch wires and ligatures.
Metal arch wires thread through the brackets and guide the movement of each tooth. These are one of the elements that require frequent adjustment and tightening to straighten crooked teeth.
Orthodontic bands are stainless steel bands that wrap around molars or premolars to create a firm anchor for the braces. In some cases, they may be cemented in place. They are typically used to close large gaps or on teeth with large fillings to provide more structural strength and prevent breakage.
Spacers are used at the start of the orthodontic braces procedure to create space between teeth to fit orthodontic bands.
Ligatures are colourful, tooth-coloured, or clear bands that help attach arch wires to the brackets on your orthodontic braces.
Elastics are rubber bands attached to hooks on the brackets. They connect the upper and lower dental arches to help correct jaw misalignment. They also contribute to the force required to move crooked teeth along the periodontal membrane to straighten your smile.
How Do Braces Work? Moving Your Teeth
Orthodontic braces work by exerting constant pressure on crooked teeth over an extended period to move them into the correct position gradually. Your teeth are connected to your jawbone via a thin membrane under your gums. The membrane controls your tooth position and responds to the force of the braces.
When your braces apply force through the gum membrane, it triggers the release of osteoclast cells. These break down and reabsorb bone tissue from the side of the tooth, receiving force (tension region).
This allows the tooth to move forward over time and creates a slight gap in the old position of your tooth as a result. The gap on the opposite side of your tooth (compression region) triggers the release of osteoblast cells which regenerate bone tissue to secure the tooth in its new position.
Get Orthodontic Braces at Total Care Dental Studio
If you are ready for orthodontic braces to correct your crooked teeth, call Total Care Dental Studio. Our team of experienced dentists can explain each step in the process of how braces work in-depth and perform an initial examination to determine whether metal or ceramic braces are suitable for your oral health needs.
If you prefer and have only minor malocclusions, we offer a range of removable and discrete orthodontic solutions to straighten crooked teeth. Contact us via our online form or on (07) 3186 8517 to book your orthodontic consultation.
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